The results of the Iraqi election are nearing an end, the Election Commission announced Thursday, with the completion of the manual counting and counting process, which will make “slight changes” that will have no significant effect on the size of the victory. Powers that came out of the preliminary results, according to the commission.
Counting and sorting of votes began a month ago in thousands of polling stations in Baghdad, Basra, Nineveh, Erbil, Salah al-Din and Dhikar after the commission received hundreds of appeals and complaints from opposition groups, parties and candidates in the early elections. Election results.
Preliminary results from the October 10 election show that the Shiite movement led by Shiite cleric Muqtada al-Sadr has won more than 70 of the 329 seats in the new parliament.
On the other hand, Tehran’s strongest ally, the Al-Fatah coalition, and the parties and armies owned by the armed factions, failed to replicate the success achieved in the last election, as it won only 15 seats compared to 48. 2018 elections.
Leaders of the al-Fatah coalition claimed “fraud” in the election process, and their supporters, who represent factions within the popular mobilization, staged a sit-in at the Green Zone gate. .
The Iraqi Election Commission has said that the preliminary results will not change much and that the final results will be announced early next week.
Imad Jameel, a member of the commission’s media team, told Al-Hurra that the recount and manual vote count had changed five to six seats in the next parliament, rejecting reports that the change had affected 12 seats.
Jameel did not name the candidates affected by the changes, but indicated that there were “six concrete appeals” that led the election judiciary to rule on them.
The result change will include six seats within the governors of Baghdad, Erbil, Nineveh, Kirkuk, Babylon and Basra, according to Jameel.
In light of these numbers, legal expert Tariq Harb believes the changes are within expectations, and will not change the shape of the political forces that will form the new Iraqi parliament.
Harb told Al-Hurra, “The six-seat change makes up 2 percent of the total number of members of parliament, and this is an acceptable percentage and is much lower than the international standard that sets it at around five percent.”
Most importantly, according to Harb, the new changes do not affect the size of the largest parliamentary bloc, which is usually debated after each election process in Iraq, as it is responsible for forming a new government.
Iraqi Election Commission law issued in 2019 provides for the Supreme Judicial Council to form a judicial body for the election of three judges to consider appeals.
Similarly, the law indicates that it is not possible to appeal the decisions of the Election Commission “except before the judiciary for elections” and emphasizes that the decisions of this body cannot be appealed as they are “decisive”.
What does this mean?
Jamil confirmed that “the judicial authority will formally decide on the appeal next week and will send a letter to the Information Commission informing that the process of considering the appeal and the decisions issued in this regard has been completed.”
The commission will then announce the final results and the names of the winners and send them to the Federal Supreme Court for approval, Jamil said.
He added that “the role of the federal court will be limited to verifying the names of the winning candidates in the event of criminal or administrative corruption by winning the election, and thus segregating them, and not proving their victory.”
When the final names reach the federal court, the role of the Electoral Commission, which had received international praise from the United Nations and Western countries for conducting the election process “smoothly” and “made significant technical and procedural improvements compared to previous Iraqis.”
Harb explains the steps that follow the arrival of the winning candidates in federal court, beginning with its approval and ending with the first session of the new parliament.
Harb says the constitution does not set a deadline for federal courts to approve the results, but emphasizes “no more than 72 hours of work” depending on past electoral processes.
After approval, the constitution sets a 15-day period, during which the current president of the republic must convene a new parliament within 15 days of the date the general election results are approved, according to Harb.
The first session of Article 55 of the Iraqi Constitution will be chaired by the oldest delegate, during which time a speaker and two delegates will be elected by an absolute majority.
Parliament then elects a new president for the country within 30 days of the first session, with a two-thirds majority.
In the case of the Prime Minister, Article 76 of the Iraqi Constitution states that the President of the Republic has appointed the candidate of the most parliamentary group to form the Council of Ministers within 15 days from the date of the election of the President of the Republic.
It is also mentioned that the members of his ministry will be appointed within 30 days from the date fixed by the Prime Minister.