Quebec nationalism poses an electoral challenge to Canadian Prime Minister Trudeau

OTTAWA: About 25 years after the independence bid Quebec Almost broken Canada In addition, the province’s new push to strengthen its French-speaking identity poses an embarrassing challenge to Prime Minister Justin. Trudeau Months before an expected election.
Quebec is a political battleground for about a quarter of the 338 seats in the union House of Commons, Has a history of separatist governments, one of which was a referendum on independence in 1995, which failed.
Premier Francois Legalt is a nationalist who rejects separatism but wants more rights for Quebec, which has only 8.5 million people and hundreds of millions of non-speakers constantly talking about its linguistic and cultural heritage on a continent of English speakers.
This month, Legalt promised to amend the Canadian constitution to recognize French as Quebec’s only official language and to address Quebec as a “country” to emphasize its “separate state”.
Legalt said he would unilaterally change parts of the constitution in a single province through the rarely requested right. The move is largely symbolic because French is already the province’s only official language and federal. Parliament In 2006, Quebec was recognized as a nation within Canada.
But some legal experts say the move is unconstitutional and raises fears inside and outside Quebec that it could bring new tensions to national unity as some Western states express dissatisfaction with federal policy.
Legalt, whose CAQ party faces provincial elections in October 2022, says he is addressing concerns about the use of the French.
The dilemma for Trudeau is that the French speaker spoke, whose father, Pierre, strongly opposed Quebec’s separatism when he was prime minister, but for the first time enacted legislation recognizing French as Canada’s two official languages.
A poll this week found that a majority of Quebec’s French-speaking population supported the proposal. If Trudeau opposed Legalt, he could threaten some seats Liberal Hold on to the province.
“We’ve all been in the constitutional battles of the past decades that have targeted so many people so many times,” Trudeau told reporters on Tuesday, referring to two referendums on Quebec’s independence.
He said he could live up to Legalt’s proposed change, adding that the rights of both French and non-French speakers should be protected.
Anglophone Quakers ‘Too Bad’
Trudeau must increase his support in Quebec’s last election in 2019 if he is to win a parliamentary majority. Leaders of other federal parties, including the official opposition Conservatives, like Trudeau, did not condemn Legalt’s move.
“I think electoral pragmatism is playing a big role here,” said Daniel Beland, head of the Institute for Canadian Studies at McGinn University in Montreal.
The Liberals hold 35 of Quebec’s 78 seats, ahead of the separatist bloc Quebecois in T2. Trudeau’s party is leading in Quebec, but this month’s laser polls show.
The Quebec Community Groups Network, which seeks to save Alglophone, said the measure proposed by Legalt “undermines fundamental human rights and will ruin the lives of our non-English-speaking minority community.”
Quebec’s Anglophone population, 10% of the province, is concentrated in the main parliamentary constituencies, and the Liberals should keep them happy.
“The English-speaking community is very angry. The risk is not so much that they support the other party – the risk is that they stay at home,” said a senior Liberal with direct knowledge of the issue.
The English speaker’s vote “is crucial for us to cross the finish line, and staying at home can make the difference between victory and defeat,” the Liberals said, urging them to ignore the sensitivity of the situation.
Another concern is that Quebec’s move will set a precedent that prompts other provinces to take constitutional changes for political reasons.
A Conservative lawmaker suggested that Alberta, where a new separatist party is seeking to take advantage of the tragedy Ottawa, Could unilaterally change the equation system – under which rich provinces give grants to the poor – to accommodate more of its tax revenue.

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