NEW YORK, May 2 (IPS) – The past few weeks have brought a wave of optimism to the weather front, beginning with the announcement of US-China climate cooperation on April 1. On the eve of a vote by the European Parliament to cut emissions by 55% by 2020. Successively, the UK has pledged to cut 78% by 2035. Japan has doubled its commitment from 46% to 26%, based on the level of 201 and the commitment of US President Biden. A 500-22% reduction, by 2020. Up to (compared to 200 levels).
Since such cuts offer a clear way to limit temperature rise, even the most famous cynic rejects it as it is a good start to run up in Glasgow. Not to mention the Dutch court’s announcement in this article (May 26) that Shell must reduce carbon emissions by 45% to 20% by 20%, which could lead to court action against fossil fuels. Companies
Now an important question is how can we use the Glasgow Climate Summit for the good intentions of governments?
We mentioned in a recent article Published on IPS, Limitations to individual meetings in the cove-hit world are a particular problem for such a complex, high-stakes process. The Bureau, which manages the preparatory process for Glasgow, has just announced plans to hold a virtual “informal meeting” starting next week. Although we welcome the resumption of such discussions under the umbrella of the United Nations and see the benefits for online discussions, they will be received by us so far.
We are hopeful that diplomats, key stakeholders and journalists will be able to meet in person before the official start of the Glasgow Summit, under the ‘Bubble’ to be held in Italy in October (which hosts the G20 on October 200 and October 1) and the UK (November 1-12). Is hosting the summit since).
The current work on the COVID vaccine passport should make such personal gatherings more feasible, as the European Union plans to introduce them before July in recent days. In addition, the UK’s proposal to provide vaccinations to developing countries is a welcome step. And other stakeholders.
National Stakeholders Climate Alliance
What else can advance advances do to lead Glasgow? We will advocate that stakeholder alliances can play an important role at the national level.
Such alliances show their worth. In 2017, Michael Bloomberg and former California Gov. Jerry Brown launched U.S. pledges, and President Trump formed the U.S. All-in-One Alliance in response to the United States’ announcement that it would withdraw from the Paris Climate Agreement.
The United States has a coalition of 1,147 cities, 11,157 businesses, states, 2 indigenous nations, and about 100 universities, universities, faith groups, cultural institutions, and health care organizations. It is a powerful – and still growing – coalition that is committed to helping reduce emissions levels by at least 0% by 2005-06.
In the meantime Bringing America’s promise fastA report published by Bloomberg Philanthropy in 2020 recognizes not only the area of work but also the progress to date. The move has helped President Biden build a strong foundation for the announcement of the US National Assessment Contribution, which was recently reduced by 2% in 2030 from the 200 national level.
Such partnerships and commitments are also happening internationally. In 2001, the City, Region and Business Weather Ambition Alliance reported a commitment to achieve net-zero carbon emissions by 2050.
The alliance has 992 businesses, 44 cities, 21 regions, 5,005 universities and 38 major investors. This is an important commitment because it represents economic partners covering a quarter of global carbon emissions. This kind of alliance helped pave the way for national governments and others to pursue similar goals.
Such alliances could serve as an example of how stakeholders can work to lead Glasgow. Many governments may be more accountable for supporting welcome commitments and for coalitions of key national stakeholders.
For example, imagine what the National Coalition of Stakeholders in the largest emitting countries of 2020 can do when it comes to ensuring the government achieves its commitments with clear, actionable policies and commitments to follow through.
In addition, the Coalition of National Stakeholders can encourage governments to fulfill new, more ambitious commitments, the so-called National Assessment Contributions (NDCs), led by Glasgow.
Where governments may be slowing down, such national alliances help maintain pressure by taking their own commitments to their city, region or business sector.
Such an alliance has also received strong support from the United Nations. “All countries, companies, cities and financial institutions must commit to zero with clear and credible plans to achieve this,” UN Secretary-General Antonio Guterres urged in March today.
Independent monitoring and verification
A specific area stakeholder coalition can play a role – both in the national and international arena – by emphasizing continuous monitoring, measurement, and reporting of emissions. This is an area that has not been addressed by the Paris Agreement, and it is even more important if we are to ensure full transparency and accountability in fulfilling the promises made by the government.
At least part of the Glasgow summit will decide how to act not only as a catalyst for greater ambitions to reduce emissions, but also to ensure that they continue to be measured. Some countries, especially developing countries, need significant financial support for such actions, and this should be another consequence of Glasgow.
The UN-backed Race to Zero campaign is playing a useful role in this area. Race to Zero, the largest coalition of non-state actors committed to achieving net zero emissions before 2050, recently published a report setting criteria for how shareholders can set, measure and report net zero commitments.
Interestingly, the Glasgow Finance Alliance is taking a similar approach to Net Zero, a group of 1,160 financial institutions with a combined US ० 100 trillion assets.
The new group is chaired by Mark Carney, the UN special envoy for climate work and finance, and Prime Minister Johnson’s climate finance adviser for COP2 Prime.
If these national alliances are to be taken seriously, there needs to be a national as well as international independent monitoring and verification. Reporting and verification should be done annually.
Cooperation in our cities can be important to open up the potential of Glasgow
Cities can be critical to Glasgow’s success. “Cities use a large proportion of the world’s energy supply and are responsible for 70 percent of global energy-related greenhouse gas emissions that trap heat and result in global warming,” said Mamuna Mohamed Sharif, executive director of UN-Basnet. In 201
Starting in the cities of the top 20 emitters could be a good first step in aligning the national stakeholders of the Paris Climate Agreement. Cities have the potential to be the only powerful engine for change; Even if a country lacks national political leadership after the election or is affected by a change of direction, they can move the world forward.
For strong NDCs, some governments should appreciate the recent positive announcements. As far as, only when all stakeholders are involved and involved we will be able to create a sustainable way to live together in this ‘Only one meaning’ We have
Felix Dodds Is a sustainable development advocate and author. Her new book, Tumors People and New Technologies: The Changing The Way, will be released in September. He is the only land co-founder with Maurice Strugg and Michael Strauss and negotiates with ambassadors David Donoghu and Jimena Leiva Roche for sustainable development goals.
Chris Spence An environmental consultant, author and author of the book, Global Warming: Personal Solutions for a Healthy Planet. He is a veteran of many COPs and other UNFCCC negotiations over the past three decades.
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