Public Health e England Gland has been released Temporary estimates Indicating life expectancy at birth for 2020 and showing the impact of the COVID-1P epidemic in its regions.
Despite their names, these estimates of birth expectancy are not really estimates or estimates of how long babies born in 2020 will actually live.
Instead of estimates for 2020, how many years will a newborn live if they experience a national (or regional) age-specific mortality rate throughout their lives?
As the mortality rate changes in the future, the facts do not predict future life expectancy, but provide a snapshot of the current mortality rate.
These life expectancy estimates are an alternative way to present the mortality rate in 2020 by showing the effect of COVID-1 of on mortality and inequality in mortality.
The data for groups grouped by their level of scarcity provides new evidence of how epidemics exacerbate existing health inequalities.
Temporary estimates show that in 2020 England was .77.8.7 years for men and .72.7 years for women.
PHE Weekly More mortality reports Show that between the onset of the epidemic in March 2020 and the end of 2020, there were about 700,000 more deaths in England.
With last year’s COVID-1P epidemic leading to high levels of death, it is not surprising that life expectancy will decline in 2020. Compared to 2010, the life expectancy of men in England in 2020 is 1.3 years shorter and 0.9 years shorter. Women These waterfalls are more than any previous year-on-year change seen since 1981. (This is the first year that we have comparatively calculated these new estimates.)
The forecast for the first six months of 2020, covering the first wave of epidemics, shows a even greater decline in life expectancy, but the forecast for the second half of the year was closer to that of 2019 than 2019.
Temporary life expectancy in English English, 2015 2015 to 2020, by sex
However, this decline in life expectancy has not been experienced in England. The decline was greater for men than women, confirming what we already know, that there were more deaths in COVID-19 in men than in women.
There is also geographical inequality. The biggest decline in English regions was in London, where the age of men between 2012 and 2020 was 2. years decreased. In the southwest, the decline for men was only 0.6 years.
For women, the biggest drop in life transplants in 2020 is also in London. The smallest decline was in the east of England. years was years.
A regions Temporary life expectancy in the English region, from 201 to 2020, by sex
Inequality can also be measured by dividing the population into 10 groups, with the first group having the highest tenth of the population and the tenth group being deprived of at least one tenth of the population. The inequality between the lowest and the least deprived can be summed up in a measure called the Slope Index of Inequality (which was described Previous blog.) The higher the value of the slope, the higher the level of inequality within an area.
Between 2019 and 2020, for both leagues, life expectancy fell into the deficit group. However, it has declined more in the most deprived areas, resulting in increased inequality in 2020.
PHE review of inequality Noted during the first wave of the epidemic that the effects of COVID-19 exacerbated health inequalities in some cases. The release of these life expectancy estimates provides further evidence that the epidemic has exacerbated existing disparities, based on data from previous years.
In 2020, the difference between the male life expectancy between the lowest and least deprived areas in England was 10. years, 1 year larger than 2019.
For women, the inequality gap in 2020 was 8.3 years, 0.6 years larger than in 2019-2019.
Provisional sElimination of life expectancy inequality by gender from England to England, 201 to 2020
The disparity inequality can also be measured within regions and throughout England. For men, inequality expanded exponentially between 2019, 2019 and 2020 in London, the North West and the West Midlands. For women, the gap between the East Midlands, London and the West Midlands widened significantly. In other areas, there was no significant change in inequality between 2001 and 2020.
These provisional estimates are calculated by PHE using provisional mortality data and population estimates from the Office for National Fact Sheets, and housing, community and local government deficiency scores. More details can be found in it Extensive effects of COVID-19 on health monitoring equipment.